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Leukopenia

Overview

Leukopenia is a decrease in the number of white blood cells to fewer than 4,000 cells per microliter of blood, frequently makes people more susceptible to infections.1

Symptoms

There are no specific symptoms of having a low white blood cell count. However, when someone has leukopenia, they are more likely to get infections. The symptoms of infection include:

 

  • fever
  • sweating
  • chills

 

A person with leukopenia may have other symptoms that relate to the cause of their low white blood cell count.2

Causes

There are several medical conditions that cause leukopenia by interfering with the production of white blood cells in the bone marrow. Other conditions cause leukopenia by destroying white blood cells rather than affecting their production. Leukopenia may also be the result of some treatments and medications.2

Risk factors
  • Viral infections
  • Blood cell and bone marrow conditions
  • Cancer
  • Infectious diseases
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Birth disorders
  • Malnutrition
  • Sarcoidosis.2

FEATURED CASES

FEATURED CASE
Pancytopenia
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FEATURED CASE
Acute Leukemia | CELL-DYN Ruby
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FEATURED CASE
Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS RAEB) | CELL-DYN Ruby
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FEATURED CASE
Neutrophil Aggregates | CELL-DYN Ruby
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1. Merck Manuals. Overview of White Blood Cell Disorders. https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/blood-disorders/white-blood-cell-disorders/overview-of-white-blood-cell-disorders
2. Medical News Today. What is leukopenia? https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/320299.php
Image source: Northwestern Pathology. https://twitter.com/nu_pathology/status/1091408497688887296

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